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Archaeological sites and museums
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Archaeological sites and museums

 

1.4-1.3 million years ago an enormous lake in a warm climate occupied a great part of what is today the Granada High Plains. It would have been an environment full of horses, deer, hippopotamuses, elephants, sabre-toothed tigers and hyenas. These creatures shared this land with the first hominids in Europe of the genus Homo.
Paleontological sites around the area of Orce are probably the most important Quaternary sites in Europe.
Prehistory and Paleontology Museum of Orce is housed in the Palace of Los Segura. This edifice is an example of a Baroque rural palace built between the 15th and 17th centuries. It once belonged to a family that made its fortune in cattle raising.
The Museum has two rooms where visitors can view display cases, information panels and audiovisual presentations that will take them on a journey through the High Plains 1.5 million years ago. They will learn about the climate, flora and exotic fauna that shared the landscape with our ancient ancestors.
Just six kilometres to the north is Galera, boasting a rich collection of archaeological sites, where the Argar civilization once flourished. One particular characteristic of this culture was the practice of burying their dead under the floors of their own homes. 
The Argar Culture is considered to be an offshoot of the Los Millares Culture, and it is well-documented in the Granada High Plains. Along the river alone, between Orce and Castilléjar, there are nine archaeological sites within a 15 kilometre stretch. 
Some of the most notable sites are those of Castellón Alto, Castellón Bajo, Fuente Amarga in Galera, and La Balunca in Castilléjar.
The Galera Museum offers a fantastic archaeological exhibit that spans from the Copper Age to the most recent times of the region. In the first showroom we can find the partially mummified remains of tomb 121 from the Castellón Alto Site – also known as the “The Mummy of Galera.”
This item represents the oldest and best preserved human remains from prehistory, after Ötzi the Iceman (the frozen mummy that dates back some 5,000 years, discovered in the Alps in 1991). 
The Cellar offers a cultural showcase where visitors can learn about local traditions: wine making, esparto grass and hemp arts and crafts, and typical homes. 
The museum also has a gift shop where replicas of ceramic pieces found at the archaeological sites can be purchased.

1.4-1.3 million years ago an enormous lake in a warm climate occupied a great part of what is today the Granada High Plains. It would have been an environment full of horses, deer, hippopotamuses, elephants, sabre-toothed tigers and hyenas. These creatures shared this land with the first hominids in Europe of the genus Homo.Paleontological sites around the area of Orce are probably the most important Quaternary sites in Europe.
Prehistory and Paleontology Museum of Orce is housed in the Palace of Los Segura. This edifice is an example of a Baroque rural palace built between the 15th and 17th centuries. It once belonged to a family that made its fortune in cattle raising.The Museum has two rooms where visitors can view display cases, information panels and audiovisual presentations that will take them on a journey through the High Plains 1.5 million years ago. They will learn about the climate, flora and exotic fauna that shared the landscape with our ancient ancestors.Just six kilometres to the north is Galera, boasting a rich collection of archaeological sites, where the Argar civilization once flourished. One particular characteristic of this culture was the practice of burying their dead under the floors of their own homes. The Argar Culture is considered to be an offshoot of the Los Millares Culture, and it is well-documented in the Granada High Plains. Along the river alone, between Orce and Castilléjar, there are nine archaeological sites within a 15 kilometre stretch. Some of the most notable sites are those of Castellón Alto, Castellón Bajo, Fuente Amarga in Galera, and La Balunca in Castilléjar.The Galera Museum offers a fantastic archaeological exhibit that spans from the Copper Age to the most recent times of the region. In the first showroom we can find the partially mummified remains of tomb 121 from the Castellón Alto Site – also known as the “The Mummy of Galera.”
This item represents the oldest and best preserved human remains from prehistory, after Ötzi the Iceman (the frozen mummy that dates back some 5,000 years, discovered in the Alps in 1991). The Cellar offers a cultural showcase where visitors can learn about local traditions: wine making, esparto grass and hemp arts and crafts, and typical homes. The museum also has a gift shop where replicas of ceramic pieces found at the archaeological sites can be purchased.

 

Prehistory and Paleontological Museum of Orce
Prehistory and Paleontological Museum of Orce

The Prehistory Museum of Orce offers a journey through the distant past of the region

The museum is located in the Palace of Los Segura, which once belonged to a family that made its fortune in stockbreeding. The building is an example of a Baroque rural palace; it was built between the 15th and 17th centuries. One of its most spectacular features is the beautiful cloistered patio with coffered galleries.

The museum has two exhibition rooms. Visitors can enjoy display cases as well as audiovisual displays and videos that will take them on a journey through the Granada High Plains 1.5 million years ago. Learn about its climate, flora and exotic fauna, which included sabre-toothed tigers, giant hyenas, hippopotamus, rhinoceros and mammoths; which existed during the period as the first inhabitants of this region.The quantity and quality of its collections can only be compared with a few museums throughout Europe and North America. Visitors can see objects from the first human settlement on this continent: stone tools from the sites Barranco León and Fuente Nueva 3, and the skull fragment known as the ‘Hombre de Orce’ (Orce Man).

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Palacio de Los Segura
C/ Tiendas s/n,
18858 Orce
Tel.: 958 746171
oficinadeturismo@orce.es

Tours can be booked by phone in advance.

 

TheTutugi Necropolis
TheTutugi Necropolis

The Tutugi necropolis, the largest Iberian necropolis on the Peninsula.

This particular area is part of the Cerro del Real site from the Ibero-Roman city of Tútugi.
The necropolis has been known in archaeological circles since 1920, when the results were published of the 1918 excavation work by Juan Cabré and Federico de Motos. However, interestingly enough, the actual discovery of the site dates back to 1914 when a woman from Galera had a dream which predicted that an abundance of precious treasures would be found in a location that she was guided to by the repeated revelations and images that she saw in her ‘visions.’ After that point, the people of the village partook in a series of treasure hunts, which brought about the discovery of several burial mounds. Subsequently, Federico de Motos carried out excavations between 1916 and 1917.
This collection of burial mounds at Tútugi surpasses more than one hundred tombs spread out over a very large area. Excavators divided the area into three zones:
The tombs are characterized by:
-  Chambers with square or rectangular floors built of masonry.
-  They are covered by large flagstone, which, in some chambers, were supported by columns with sculpted capitals.
-  Pavement and walls stuccoed with plaster and painted with beautiful geometric compositions and figures.
The variety of tombs, both in terms of their construction and the quality of their adornments, reveals the existence of a strong social stratification within this population. The richest tombs contain magnificent treasures in their chambers, such as Greek ceramics with red figures, intricately decorated water vessels, stone boxes used as funerary urns that feature painted orientalizing motifs, bronze cups, metallic artefacts and small sculptures of incredible quality, such as the famous alabaster figurine of a goddess known as the Dama of Galera (Lady of Galera).
The location of the site, Cerro del Real, was declared a National Historical Monument in 1931.
It has most recently been restored and has received much deserved attention, thereby making the site easily accessible to the public.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Archaeological Museum of Galera 
C/ San Marcos, 9 (Old Convent) 18840 – Galera (Granada)
Tel.: 958 739276 / 696829388 / 605915393
museodegalera@yahoo.es 

This particular area is part of the Cerro del Real site from the Ibero-Roman city of Tútugi.

The necropolis has been known in archaeological circles since 1920, when the results were published of the 1918 excavation work by Juan Cabré and Federico de Motos. However, interestingly enough, the actual discovery of the site dates back to 1914 when a woman from Galera had a dream which predicted that an abundance of precious treasures would be found in a location that she was guided to by the repeated revelations and images that she saw in her ‘visions.’ After that point, the people of the village partook in a series of treasure hunts, which brought about the discovery of several burial mounds. Subsequently, Federico de Motos carried out excavations between 1916 and 1917.

This collection of burial mounds at Tútugi surpasses more than one hundred tombs spread out over a very large area. Excavators divided the area into three zones:The tombs are characterized by:

-  Chambers with square or rectangular floors built of masonry.

-  They are covered by large flagstone, which, in some chambers, were supported by columns with sculpted capitals.

-  Pavement and walls stuccoed with plaster and painted with beautiful geometric compositions and figures.

The variety of tombs, both in terms of their construction and the quality of their adornments, reveals the existence of a strong social stratification within this population. The richest tombs contain magnificent treasures in their chambers, such as Greek ceramics with red figures, intricately decorated water vessels, stone boxes used as funerary urns that feature painted orientalizing motifs, bronze cups, metallic artefacts and small sculptures of incredible quality, such as the famous alabaster figurine of a goddess known as the Dama of Galera (Lady of Galera).The location of the site, Cerro del Real, was declared a National Historical Monument in 1931.

It has most recently been restored and has received much deserved attention, thereby making the site easily accessible to the public.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Archaeological Museum of Galera 

C/ San Marcos, 9 (Old Convent)

18840 – Galera (Granada)

Tel.: 958 739276 / 696829388 / 605915393

museodegalera@yahoo.es 

 

Archaeological Museum of Galera
Archaeological Museum of Galera

The Museum of Galera preserves and displays objects from the Copper Age up to today.

 

The Museum of Galera, inaugurated in July 2001, is actually housed in what is the old chapel of the Convent of the Nuns of Christ the Lord.
The museum exhibition areas are comprised of three rooms: the first floor, ground floor and bodega. A tour of these rooms takes visitors on a chronological tour from the Copper Age up to our most recent past.

The Museum of Galera, inaugurated in July 2001, is actually housed in what is the old chapel of the Convent of the Nuns of Christ the Lord.

The museum exhibition areas are comprised of three rooms: the first floor, ground floor and bodega. A tour of these rooms takes visitors on a chronological tour from the Copper Age up to our most recent past.

First Floor:

- Start of the museum visit.

- Analysis of the evolution of the landscape over last 4,000 years.

- Copper Age and Bronze Age (Argaric Culture). This room displays the partially mummified remains from grave 121 of the Castellón Alto Archeaological Site, known as ‘the Galera Mummy.’

Ground Floor:

 - Archeaological research.

 - Bronze Age (End).

 - Iberian Culture. This room holds a replica of the ‘Diosa de Galera,’ or Lady of Galera, which is an alabaster sculptor of a fertility goddess that had been imported from Phoenicia. 

 - Roman Period.

 - Medieval Period.

 - Numismatics Area with Iberian, Roman and Medieval coins.

Bodega:

 - Wine making.

 - Esparto grass and hemp.

 - Cave dwellings.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Galera Archeaological Museum

C/  San Marcos, 9 (Old Convent)

18840 – Galera (Granada)

Tel.: 958 739276 / 696829388 / 605915393

museodegalera@yahoo.es

Opening hours:

Tuesday to Sunday:

- from 1/09 to 31/05, 11am to 1pm and 5pm to 7pm. 

- from 1/06 to 31/08, 11am to 1pm and 7pm to 9pm.

Prices:

Normal ticket: 2 €

Discount ticket (Children under 10 and groups of 20 people or more): 1 €

 

Castellón Alto Archaeological Site
Castellón Alto Archaeological Site

Castellón Alto Archaeological Site.

This site is located within the town limits of Galera, just one kilometre from the town centre along the left¬-hand bank of the Galera River.
The settlement at Castellón Alto goes back to the El Argar culture that existed during the advanced period of the Bronze Age (1900-1600 B.C.). It was small in terms of the Argar culture; a maximum of between eighty and one hundred people could have lived here. It is now partially reconstructed and a visit to this site gives a good idea of what daily live in an Argaric settlement would have been like more than 3,500 years ago.
The Castellón Alto site is part of the Andalusian Network of Archaeological Sites (Red Andaluza de Yacimientos Arqueológicos - RAYA).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
Paraje de Carrachila, s/n
18840 - Galera (Granada)
Tel.: 958 739276 / 696829388 / 605915393
castellonalto@yahoo.es
Opening hours:
Tuesday to Sunday:
- From 1/11 to 30/04: 11am to 1pm and 4pm to 6pm
- From 1/05 to 30/09: 10am to 12pm and 7pm to 9pm 
Prices:
General admission (guided tour): 2€
Discount ticket with guided tour (children under 10 and groups of 20 people or more): 1€

This site is located within the town limits of Galera, just one kilometre from the town centre along the left¬-hand bank of the Galera River.

The settlement at Castellón Alto goes back to the El Argar culture that existed during the advanced period of the Bronze Age (1900-1600 B.C.). It was small in terms of the Argar culture; a maximum of between eighty and one hundred people could have lived here. It is now partially reconstructed and a visit to this site gives a good idea of what daily live in an Argaric settlement would have been like more than 3,500 years ago.

The Castellón Alto site also belongs of the Andalusian Network of Cultural Spaces (RECA).

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

Paraje de Carrachila, s/n
18840 - Galera (Granada)
Tel.: 958 739276 / 696829388 / 605915393
castellonalto@yahoo.es
www.museodegalera.es

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